Canada's land area is 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles). [445] Canadian tax laws limit foreign competition in magazine advertising. [393][394], Canada's culture draws influences from its broad range of constituent nationalities, and policies that promote a "just society" are constitutionally protected. [185] The monarch appoints a representative, the governor general, with the advice of the prime minister to carry out most of their federal royal duties in Canada. [153] Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area is the world's largest freshwater protected area, spanning roughly 10,000 square kilometres (3,900sqmi) of lakebed, its overlaying freshwater, and associated shoreline on 60 square kilometres (23sqmi) of islands and mainland. [467], The roots of organized sports in Canada date back to the 1770s,[468] culminating in the development and popularization of the major professional games of ice hockey, lacrosse, curling, basketball, baseball, association football and Canadian football. [18] The Act of Union 1840 merged the Canadas into a united Province of Canada and responsible government was established for all provinces of British North America east of Lake Superior by 1855. [456], Canadian music reflects a variety of regional scenes. [261] Canada's exports totalled over $637billion, while its imported goods were worth over $631billion, of which approximately $391billion originated from the United States. French version of the poster roughly translates as "They serve FranceEveryone can serve; Buy Victory Bonds". [125] Canada also has vast maritime terrain, with the world's longest coastline of 243,042 kilometres (151,019mi). Stanley Park. [245] Provinces and territories have responsibility for social programs such as health care, education, and welfare,[246] as well as administration of justice (but not criminal law). [333][334] Education in Canada is generally divided into primary education, followed by secondary education and post-secondary. [395][396][397] Canada has placed emphasis on equality and inclusiveness for all its people. [304] Canada also accepts large numbers of refugees, accounting for over 10 percent of annual global refugee resettlements; it resettled more than 28,000 in 2018. [142] Although Canada has a low percentage of endemic species compared to other countries,[143] due to human activities, invasive species and environmental issues in the country, there are currently more than 800 species at risk of being lost. WebCanada is a country in North America.Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering over 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching [208] Law enforcement, including criminal courts, is officially a provincial responsibility, conducted by provincial and municipal police forces. WebCanada has ten provinces and three territories that are sub-national administrative divisions under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution.In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North AmericaNew Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada (which upon Confederation was divided into Ontario and Quebec)united to In my time at Caada College, I had the amazing opportunity to grow as a leader. ", "2015 federal budget 'disappointing' for post-secondary students: CFS", "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019: Canada", "Government expenditure on education as% of GDP (%)", "Financial and human resources invested in Education", "Comparing countries' and economies' performances", "Canadian education among best in the world: OECD", "Canada Student performance (PISA 2015)", "The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country's religious and ethnocultural diversity", "Ethnic or cultural origin by gender and age: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts", "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population Profile table Canada [Country] Total Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households 25% sample data", "The Daily The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country's religious and ethnocultural diversity", "The Daily Indigenous population continues to grow and is much younger than the non-Indigenous population, although the pace of growth has slowed", "Visible Minorities and Aboriginal Peoples in Vancouver's Labour Market", "The Daily Immigrants make up the largest share of the population in over 150 years and continue to shape who we are as Canadians", "2021 Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration", Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, "2006 Census: The Evolving Linguistic Portrait, 2006 Census: Highlights", Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages, International Journal of the Sociology of Language, "Indigenous Self-Determination: Is Canada as Good as it Gets? From east to west it stretches almost 4,700 miles (7,560 kilometers) across six time zones. [91] Canadian troops played important roles in many key battles of the war, including the failed 1942 Dieppe Raid, the Allied invasion of Italy, the Normandy landings, the Battle of Normandy, and the Battle of the Scheldt in 1944. Call us in Washington, D.C. at 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 (from all other countries) from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays). [355], Between 2011 and 2016, the visible minority population rose by 18.4percent. [335] Canada has a large number of universities, almost all of which are publicly funded. [360] The 2021 census indicated that 8.3million people, or almost one-quarter (23.0percent) of the population, reported themselves as being or having been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canadaabove the 1921 census previous record of 22.3percent. To register, contact media@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca with your name and media outlet before 10:00 a.m. EST on Thursday, January 19, 2023.Please indicate if attendance will be in-person or virtual. It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration. As much a piece of history as a natural wonder, Canadas. Last updated on October 19th, 2022. 4,524,782. [79] This caused the collapse of the Plains Bison in western Canada and the introduction of European cattle farms and wheat fields dominating the land. [427] This progressed into three major themes that can be found within historical Canadian literature: nature, frontier life, and Canada's position within the world, all three of which tie into the garrison mentality. This fact, coupled with the grandeur of the landscape, has been central to the sense of Canadian national identity, as expressed by the WebCanada has ten provinces and three territories that are sub-national administrative divisions under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution.In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North AmericaNew Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada (which upon Confederation was divided into Ontario and Quebec)united to COVID-19 booster dose. [56] To avert conflict in Quebec, the British Parliament passed the Quebec Act 1774, expanding Quebec's territory to the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley. [305][306], Canada's population density, at 4.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (11/sqmi), is among the lowest in the world. Virtual Tour Schedule a Tour. WebLearn about Canadas response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Virtual Tour Schedule a Tour. [132][133] There are also fresh-water glaciers in the Canadian Rockies, the Coast Mountains and the Arctic Cordillera. [62], The Canadas were the main front in the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kingdom. [343], The mandatory education age ranges between 57 to 1618 years,[344] contributing to an adult literacy rate of 99 percent. Learn about labour mobility between provinces and territories. [184][188][189] The use of the executive powers is directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Commons and chosen and headed by the prime minister (at present Justin Trudeau),[190] the head of government. [150] Approximately 13.8 percent of its territorial waters are conserved, including 8.9 percent designated as protected areas. [446], Art in Canada is marked by thousands of years of habitation by its indigenous peoples. More details on the reporting schedule. [459] The Canadian music industry is the sixth-largest in the world, producing internationally renowned composers, musicians and ensembles. Given its abundant natural resources, highly skilled labor force, and modern capital stock, Canada enjoyed solid economic growth from 1993 through 2007. [108], In addition to the issues of Quebec sovereignty, a number of crises shook Canadian society in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Chris Bolin/The Globe and Mail. From east to west it stretches almost 4,700 miles (7,560 kilometers) across six time zones. Sell your goods or services to the government [180], Canada has a parliamentary system within the context of a constitutional monarchythe monarchy of Canada being the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. A house was sold without the owners' consent. [23] The characteristics of Indigenous societies included permanent settlements, agriculture, complex societal hierarchies, and trading networks. Canada is the largest foreign supplier of energy to the US, including oil, natural gas, and electric power, and a top source of US uranium imports. [222] Canada acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 1976. [422][423] Canadian coins feature many of these symbols: the loon on the $1 coin, the Arms of Canada on the 50 piece, and the beaver on the nickel. .ca. [290] Canada has a long history of discovery in genetics, which include stem cells, site-directed mutagenesis, T-cell receptor and the identification of the genes that cause Fanconi anemia, cystic fibrosis and early-onset Alzheimer's disease, among numerous other diseases. thng tin) cn gi l Gia N i) l quc gia c din tch ln th hai trn th gii, v nm cc bc ca Bc M. [324] Canada's per-capita spending on health expenditures ranked 4th among health-care systems in the OECD. [429] Since the 1980s, Canada's ethnic and cultural diversity has been openly reflected in its literature. Learn about labour mobility between provinces and territories. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition. Learn about Canadas response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. [377] Freedom of religion in Canada is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. [454] The Group of Seven were painters with a nationalistic and idealistic focus, who first exhibited their distinctive works in May 1920. The United States and Canada traded goods and services of $680 billion in 2017 more than $1.8 billion per day. The border of Canada with the US is the longest bi-national land border in the world. This fact, coupled with the grandeur of the landscape, has been central to the sense of Canadian [93], The financial crisis of the Great Depression had led the Dominion of Newfoundland to relinquish responsible government in 1934 and become a Crown colony ruled by a British governor. [272] Canada is additionally one of the world's largest suppliers of agricultural products; the Canadian Prairies are one of the most important global producers of wheat, canola, and other grains. Given its abundant natural resources, highly skilled labor force, and modern capital stock, Canada enjoyed solid economic growth from 1993 through 2007. The border of Canada with the US is the longest bi-national land border in the world. The nation employs a professional, volunteer force of approximately 68,000 active personnel and 27,000 reserve personnel, increasing to 71,500 and 30,000 respectively under "Strong, Secure, Engaged" with a sub-component of approximately 5,000 Canadian Rangers. Its land reaches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. [108] This led to the formation of the Bloc Qubcois in Quebec and the invigoration of the Reform Party of Canada in the West. [268] The Canada United States Free Trade Agreement (FTA) of 1988 eliminated tariffs between the two countries, while the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) expanded the free-trade zone to include Mexico in 1994 (later replaced by the CanadaUnited StatesMexico Agreement). [374] American Sign Language (ASL) is used across the country due to the prevalence of ASL in primary and secondary schools. Indigenous peoples have continuously inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years. In 2006, the average age in Canada was 39.5 years;[317] it rose to 42.4 years by 2018[318] before falling slightly to 41.9 in 2021. [141] These ecozones encompass over 80,000 classified species of Canadian wildlife, with an equal number yet to be formally recognized or discovered. [63] Immigration resumed at a higher level, with over 960,000 arrivals from Britain between 1815 and 1850. Zellers canada locations 2023. [307] About four-fifths of the population lives within 150 kilometres (93mi) of the border with the contiguous United States. [258] The country's average household disposable income per capita is "well above" the OECD average. [430], Numerous Canadian authors have accumulated international literary awards,[431] including novelist, poet, and literary critic Margaret Atwood, who received two Booker Prizes;[432] Nobel laureate Alice Munro, who has been called the best living writer of short stories in English;[433] and Booker Prize recipient Michael Ondaatje, who wrote the novel The English Patient, which was adapted as a film of the same name that won the Academy Award for Best Picture. [231] Since then, Canada has been an advocate for multilateralism, making efforts to resolve global issues in collaboration with other nations. [424], Canadian literature is often divided into French- and English-language literatures, which are rooted in the literary traditions of France and Britain, respectively. [49] Among the colonists of New France, Canadiens extensively settled the Saint Lawrence River valley and Acadians settled the present-day Maritimes, while fur traders and Catholic missionaries explored the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and the Mississippi watershed to Louisiana. [417] The use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol dates to the early 18th century. [10] Cartier later used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona (the chief at Stadacona);[10] by 1545, European books and maps had begun referring to this small region along the Saint Lawrence River as Canada. [325] Canada has performed close to, or above the average on the majority of OECD health indicators since the early 2000s, ranking above the average on OECD indicators for wait-times and access to care, with average scores for quality of care and use of resources. [235] As this was the first UN peacekeeping mission, Pearson is often credited as the inventor of the concept. On the east and west coasts, average high temperatures are generally in the low 20s C (70s F), while between the coasts, the average summer high temperature ranges from 25 to 30C (77 to 86F), with temperatures in some interior locations occasionally exceeding 40C (104F). TORONTO - Canadas mens basketball team will play exhibition games against Spain and Argentina this summer in preparation for the 2023 FIBA World Cup. All judges at the superior and appellate levels are appointed after consultation with non-governmental legal bodies. [424] The penny, removed from circulation in 2013, featured the maple leaf. Using its spending powers, the federal government can initiate national policies in provincial areas such as health and child care; the provinces can opt out of these cost-share programs but rarely do so in practice. The maple leaf is depicted on Canada's current and previous flags, and on the Arms of Canada. Stanley Park. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. [40][41] In approximately 1000 AD, the Norse built a small short-lived encampment that was occupied sporadically for perhaps 20 years at L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland. A booster dose can help strengthen our protection against severe forms of COVID-19 Report a problem or [248] The powers flowing from the Constitution Act, 1867 are divided between the federal government and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. [336] Established in 1663, Universit Laval is the oldest post-secondary institution in Canada. Of all Canadas top sights, Banff National Park justifiably ranks as many peoples number one. [269] Canada has a strong cooperative banking sector, with the world's highest per-capita membership in credit unions. [287][291], The Canadian Space Agency operates a highly active space program, conducting deep-space, planetary, and aviation research, and developing rockets and satellites. [237], In 2001, Canada deployed troops to Afghanistan as part of the U.S. stabilization force and the UN-authorized, NATO-led International Security Assistance Force. WebFind out what document you need to travel, visit family and friends, do business, or transit through Canada, and how to extend your stay. 2013, featured the maple leaf as a natural wonder, Canadas dates to the 18th. Natural wonder, Canadas with over 960,000 arrivals from Britain between 1815 and 1850 protected right, allowing individuals assemble... 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